sklearn 中 make_blobs模块使用

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sklearn.datasets.make_blobs(n_samples=100, n_features=2, centers=3, cluster_std=1.0, center_box=(-10.0, 10.0), shuffle=True, random_state=None)

属性含义:

n_samples: int, optional (default=100)
The total number of points equally divided among clusters.
待生成的样本的总数。
n_features: int, optional (default=2)
The number of features for each sample.
每个样本的特征数。
centers: int or array of shape [n_centers, n_features], optional (default=3)
The number of centers to generate, or the fixed center locations.
要生成的样本中心(类别)数,或者是确定的中心点。
cluster_std: float or sequence of floats, optional (default=1.0)
The standard deviation of the clusters.
每个类别的方差,例如我们希望生成2类数据,其中一类比另一类具有更大的方差,可以将cluster_std设置为[1.0,3.0]。
center_box: pair of floats (min, max), optional (default=(-10.0, 10.0))
The bounding box for each cluster center when centers are generated at random.
shuffle: boolean, optional (default=True)
Shuffle the samples.
random_state: int, RandomState instance or None, optional (default=None)
If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.

返回值

X : array of shape [n_samples, n_features]
The generated samples.
生成的样本数据集。
y : array of shape [n_samples]
The integer labels for cluster membership of each sample.
样本数据集的标签。

复制代码

from sklearn.datasets import make_blobs
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

if __name__ == '__main__':
    N = 400
    centers = 4
    data, y = make_blobs(n_samples=N, n_features=2, centers=centers)

    plt.scatter(data[:, 0], data[:, 1], c=y)
    plt.show()

复制代码

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